The entire process of animal self-medication has a name, as previously mentioned. However, there are more specific processes numerous species of animals use to ease their pain. Due to the frequency of their observation, they are also given a name. Some may seem odd, but they have justifiable benefits.
Most animals self-medicate by carefully choosing what they eat. Many species, such as apes and elephants, utilize geophagy, which involves eating dirt and rocks. The process has numerous benefits for the animals who practice it. It can maintain stomach health, make up for nutrients they may be lacking, and more. The next time a human observes an animal eating dirt, they should consider the potential medical benefits instead of writing it off as a weird quirk of the species.