6. Diabetes mellitus
Diabetes is a group of diseases that affect insulin production and use. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas can’t produce insulin. The cause isn’t known. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin, or insulin can’t be used effectively. Type 2 diabetes can be caused by a number of factors, including poor diet, lack of exercise, and being overweight.
Impact of diabetes around the world
People in low- to middle-income countries are more likely to die of complications from diabetes.
Risk factors and prevention
Risk factors for diabetes include:
- excess body weight
- high blood pressure
- older age
- not exercising regularly
- an unhealthy diet
While diabetes isn’t always preventable, you can control the severity of symptoms by exercising regularly and maintaining good nutrition. Adding more fiber to your diet can help with controlling your blood sugar.